Posted by: Dr Pano Kroko Churchill | February 8, 2014

CARPE DIEM — Opportunity Knocks — 7 simple pieces

“Opportunity is who we are,” President Obama said at the State of the Union Address, last month — but, as this word reveals, who we really are as a nation is deeply, perpetually, and bitterly at odds with itself over its most basic beliefs.

For the President, the only real response is not only to keep talking about opportunity, but to define it in a way that actually helps us to advance it.

President Obama made economic opportunity a centerpiece of his State of the Union message on Tuesday. He even took a small step forward by announcing a $10.10 minimum wage for employees of federal contractors.

This is a move in the right direction, albeit a small one. For years, the budget deficit—not the well-being of working Americans—has dominated political discussion.

We need to invest in an all-out effort to convert to a climate-friendly economy.

But bolder solutions are called for. While U.S. policies allowed transnational corporations, Wall Street banks, and the wealthiest Americans to recover from the collapse of 2008, for many in the 99 percent, this remains a time of sustained unemployment, low-wage jobs, and economic insecurity.

After years of pressure by well-endowed think tanks and lobbyists, President Obama as well as lawmakers on both sides of the aisle have bought into the idea that our country is broke. This is not the case. GDP per capita, has doubled over the last 40 years, while wages have stagnated. It’s not that our nation’s wealth has gone away—it’s just being tied up by the top 1 percent. And their power over politicians is keeping it that way.

In fact it is just this concentration of wealth that makes the economic growth we see in GDP charts so ineffective at improving the quality of our lives. If we were to measure the real wealth of our society—our health and well being, the health of the natural world, our level of education, etc.—we would see that inequality itself is reducing our nation’s well being, and the power of big corporations is allowing the degradation of our communities and environment.

In the State of the Union address, President Obama called for opportunity for all Americans:

What I believe unites the people of this nation, regardless of race or region or party, young or old, rich or poor, is the simple, profound belief in opportunity for all—the notion that if you work hard and take responsibility, you can get ahead.

What would it take to make that dream a reality?

Here are eight places to start. Some require action that President Obama could take without waiting on a recalcitrant Congress—like scrapping the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Others are already being implemented at the state or local level and could be implemented much more widely.

1. A debt-free college education.

A college degree should not require decades of indebtedness. The average student debt now sits at just under $30,000. Oregon has found a good solution. By a unanimous vote, the legislature adopted a plan call “Pay it Forward, Pay it Back,” which creates a special fund that will allow students to attend state universities tuition-free. In exchange, they will pay 3% of their salaries for up to 24 years after graduation. This plan lowers the barriers for anyone who is willing to work hard for an education.

2. Medicare for all.

President Obama’s Affordable Care Act was designed to allow insurance companies to continue profiting from our health care system. The result is a system bogged down in bureaucracy, with multiple plans offering benefits and expenses at different levels and a complex system of subsidies designed to make private insurance affordable.

The TPP is being negotiated in secret but leaked documents suggest it would trump local and national food safety laws.

The upshot? We’ll still be spending a major portion of our health care dollars on overhead and profits (estimates range up to 30 percent), making medical care less affordable for us as patients and as taxpayers. Medicare, on the other hand, provides health coverage for about 3 percent overhead. The state of Vermont is among the states looking at adopting a plan like Canada’s, in which everyone receives coverage similar to Medicare. Relieving us of the cost burden of a bureaucratic health coverage system could do a lot to relieve poverty.

3. End the war on drugs.

The United States imprisons its people at the highest rate in the world; more than 2 million Americans are now behind bars. This is devastating to impoverished families and communities, especially communities of color. And it costs taxpayers on average over $30,000 per year per inmate—much of which goes to a private prison system that lobbies for tougher prison terms to keep their facilities full.

Even years after their release, many formerly imprisoned adults are unable to get jobs or receive public services, and many aren’t allowed to vote. Ending the failed “War on Drugs” in favor of substance abuse treatment would save taxpayers billions and allow vulnerable families and communities to heal. Washington and Colorado have taken an important first step in this direction by legalizing (and taxing) marijuana.

4. Guarantee everyone a basic income.

In his State of the Union speech, President Obama celebrated the drop in unemployment rates. The truth is that there simply aren’t enough jobs for those who would like them; 10.4 million remain unemployed and an additional 10.2 million have temporarily given up looking or work part time because they can’t find full-time jobs. There were on average 2.7 unemployed people for every job opening, as of November.

Instead of punishing these people, or the disabled, or those raising children or caring for elders, we could simply guarantee everyone a basic income. Many countries in Europe do this. A guaranteed minimum income could simplify safety net programs while making sure no one is destitute. And, since everyone would have money to spend, it would maintain a stable customer base for businesses.

5. Invest in averting more climate emergencies.

Extreme weather is now costing the world $1.2 trillion a year, according to The Guardian. Climate change threatens the southwest with drought, coastal regions with flooding, vast areas of the west with wildfires, and the Midwest with tornadoes. Cities around the country may face extreme heat, and even the extreme cold experienced by much of the country in January is likely a function of disruptions in the jet stream caused by a warming Arctic region.

These changes are happening with only 0.8 degrees of warming over pre-industrial levels, but much more is on the way. Instead of the “all-of-the-above” energy strategy President Obama promoted in his State of the Union address, we need to invest in an all-out effort to convert to a climate-friendly economy.

Doing so would not only help avert even greater climate-related disasters, it would employ Americans in jobs located here at home. And the spin-off benefits would include cleaner air, more resilient and up-to-date infrastructure, and efficient public transportation.

6. Scrap the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)

…And other trade deals that favor transnational corporations over American workers and local businesses. The TPP is being negotiated in secret but leaked documents suggest it would trump local and national food safety laws, clean air and water standards, land use regulations, and other laws that protect our way of life. Buy America and buy local policies could be outlawed, as could regulations to avert another Wall Street meltdown, leaving our economies vulnerable.

To achieve real, sustainable prosperity, we need to take on the underlying causes of economic insecurity.

And, just like with NAFTA, jobs and wages could take a big hit from the TPP. According to the Economic Policy Institute, NAFTA resulted in a net loss of 1 million jobs from 1994 to 2006. And, according to a recent report by Public Citizen, workers without college degrees (who make up 63 percent of the work force) saw a loss of about 12 percent of their earnings as a result of NAFTA, even when the savings from cheaper imported goods are factored in.

We don’t need trade deals that favor transnational corporations over the rest of us, and Vernon County, Wisc., is among the local jurisdictions that don’t mind saying so.

7. Establish ­­­the Green Bank and create State banks that invest in us, not Wall Street.

The state of Vermont and the State of Massuschusets with assistance from our own Green Capital have now created Green Banks to tackle renewable Energy funding gaps and the resultant Climate Change. There is a proud heritage to this. The State of North Dakota had set up a public bank way back in 1919, to hold the state’s deposits and to be the source of credit for state investments. Profits from the bank go back into the state treasury—not to Wall Street.

The result? North Dakota is the only state that has consistently enjoyed a budget surplus, even during the recent recession, and has very low rates of unemployment (its reserves of oil are not the only reason). The bank also partners with community banks, which are in the best position to make loans to local businesses, keeping borrowing costs low in communities throughout the state. It’s a great model that builds our wealth and the prosperity of our locally rooted business sector, instead of the profits of Wall Street banks.

After years of working with this Congress, it’s understandable that the ambitions President Obama spoke to in his State of the Union address are so much lower than when he was elected.

But to achieve real, sustainable prosperity, we need to take on the underlying causes of economic insecurity. That means standing up to the corporations pressing for the TPP and continued lax regulation of Wall Street. And it means confronting head-on what may be the biggest challenge humanity has ever faced—the climate crisis.

To build a sustainable society that works for everyone, bold solutions are what we need. Fortunately, many of the solutions described here are already being pioneered by wise state and local leaders. Their courage and vision are worth emulating.

Yours,

Pano

PS:

The very idea that “opportunity” is the political and intellectual property of anyone party or societal group is idiotic. Sure the G.O.P. and their Republican unread claim so but You all know the Tea party people can’t read or write. So they can’t claim any type of Opportunity today. They are self disenfranchised. Now the Democrats, might try to coöpt the word, but they can’t own it either…

Like Democracy, Liberty, Freedom, and Equality in front of the Law …  OPPORTUNITY  —  does not belong to anyone.

Thinking that opportunity and the many rewards deriving from it’s application to Economic policy — are realized by only one spectrum of financial system or ideology is a sad misreading of economic and societal reality. Doing this would also reflect a misreading of history if it reflected any reading of history at all.

Obama’s recent references to ladders, doors and roads leading to opportunity are hardly his first, and his pairing of opportunity and responsibility in January’s State of the Union puts him squarely in the progressive tradition.

Theodore Roosevelt’s New Nationalism, Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal, and Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society all described opportunity as, in effect, a compact between the individual and the national community.

Theodore Roosevelt was a Republican—the kind that, if he were here today, would be targeted by Americans for Prosperity. “Fundamentally,” he wrote in his Annual Message of 1901: “The welfare of each citizen, and therefore the welfare of the aggregate of citizens which makes the nation, must rest upon individual thrift and energy, resolution, and intelligence. Nothing can take the place of this individual capacity; but wise legislation and honest and intelligent administration can give it the fullest scope, the largest opportunity to work to good effect.”

This, Franklin Roosevelt agreed, a generation later, was the challenge of the industrial age, when the scope and power of private corporations made it “impossible” to “turn the clock back … to the time when every man owned his individual small business.” In an address at the Commonwealth Club, in September, 1932, F.D.R. urged “statesman and businessman” alike to recognize that “our government … owes to everyone an avenue to possess himself of a portion of that plenty sufficient for his needs, through his own work.” This was a consistent theme or, as we insist on calling it today, a “frame”. As Roosevelt said, in 1935, “a wise government seeks to provide the opportunity through which the best of individual achievement can be obtained, while at the same time it seeks to remove such obstruction, such unfairness as springs from selfish human motives.”

Conservative claims aside, the thrust of Roosevelt’s agenda was work, not welfare, just as the focus of L.B.J.’s War on Poverty was opportunity, not dependency; both men loathed the dole. Even the name of Johnson’s landmark legislation—the Economic Opportunity Act—underscored that emphasis; the act’s central goal, as its preamble declared, was “opening to everyone the opportunity for education and training, the opportunity to work, and the opportunity to live in decency and dignity.” In that same spirit, when Bill Clinton talked about “rewarding work” and “ending welfare as we know it,” and repeated his mantra of “opportunity for all, responsibility from all,” he wasn’t taking a page from the conservative playbook; he was rediscovering a page in the progressive one; following his party’s slide, in the nineteen-seventies and eighties, into what the historian Gareth Davies calls “entitlement liberalism”.

Now we know that OPPORTUNITY belongs only to those that seize it…

CARPE DIEM


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