Never have so many risked so much for so little.

I’m talking, of course, about Britain’s upcoming vote on whether to leave the European Union. So-called “Brexit” — get it, as in British exit? — would be the economic equivalent of quitting your job because you think you can get it back minus all the parts you don’t like. In other words, a fantasy. But, with apologies to Harry Potter, it might be Britain’s most popular one to the point that there’s a real, albeit slight, chance it could prevail in the June 23 poll. In which case, to extend this metaphor, Britain would be left out of work and out of friends. Indeed, Britain’s Treasury estimates it could send them into a recession costing as many as 500,000 to 800,000 jobs.

What in the name of rational self-maximizers is going on? The same thing that’s happening everywhere else. Right-wing populists are trying to make their country great again by, you guessed it, keeping immigrants out and negotiating great, and I mean great, deals. In Britain’s case, the U.K. Independence Party (UKIP) wants to leave the 28-nation free trade zone that is the EU in hopes of coming to terms on a new free trade pact with the now-27-nation EU that wouldn’t require them to follow Brussels’ diktats on, say, how strong vacuum cleaners are allowed to be, or, more saliently, how many immigrants they have to accept from the rest of Europe.

It almost sounds reasonable. Until, that is, you actually think about it. UKIP is asking for all of the benefits of EU membership without any of what it thinks are the costs. Which, of course, everybody would want if it was possible. The problem there, though, is an EU that exists on an à la carte basis today is an EU that wouldn’t exist at all tomorrow. So Brussels would never go along with this. It would tell Britain that it has to unreservedly play by Europe’s rules—at least the most important ones—if it wants unreserved access to Europe’s market. That, after all, is what Norway has had to do to get a free trade deal with the EU without being a part of it. Practically speaking, that would mean continuing to pay into the EU budget, adhering to big EU regulations and, yes, allowing the free movement of people within the EU. The best-case scenario, then, is that Brexit would “only” result in a few years of economy-killing uncertainty while they negotiated a deal almost identical to the one they had just ripped up. And the worst is that they would be unable to reach any kind of agreement, leaving themselves permanently poorer.

But despite all this, almost half the country thinks this is a good idea. Surprised? You shouldn’t be. This is what happens during a depression. Now, I know it sounds strange to invoke the sepia-toned suffering of the 1930s when we’re talking about an economy that only has 5.1 percent unemployment right now, but you have to look at the past eight years and not just the past eight months. By that measure, Britain is doing worse than it was at this point of the Great Depression or even its post-World War I slump. The tricky thing, though, is this hasn’t been due to the downturn being deeper this time around, but rather to the upswing not being much of one. But in any case, it’s added up to Britain’s gross domestic product per capita growing three to four times slower than it did during these other economic catastrophes.